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15 September 1998 Determining a confidence factor for automatic target recognition based on image sequence quality
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For the Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithm, the quality of the input image sequence can be a major determining factor as to the ATR algorithm's ability to recognize an object. Based on quality, an image can be easy to recognize, barely recognizable or even mangled beyond recognition. If a determination of the image quality can be made prior to entering the ATR algorithm, then a confidence factor can be applied to the probability of recognition. This confidence factor can be used to rate sensors; to improve quality through selectively preprocessing image sequences prior to applying ATR; or to limit the problem space by determining which image sequences need not be processed by the ATR algorithm. It could even determine when human intervention is needed. To get a flavor for the scope of the image quality problem, this paper reviews analog and digital forms of image degradation. It looks at traditional quality metric approaches such as peak signal-to-noise ratio. It examines a newer metric based on human vision data, a metric introduced by the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences. These objective quality metrics can be used as confidence factors primarily in ATR systems that use image sequences degraded due to transmission systems. However, to determine the quality metric, a transmission system needs the original input image sequence and the degraded output image sequence. This paper suggests a more general approach to determining quality using analysis of spatial and temporal vectors where the original input sequence is not explicitly given. This novel approach would be useful where there is no transmission system but where the ATR system is part of the sensor, on-board a mobile platform. The results of this work are demonstrated on a few standard image sequences.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gregory J. Power and Mohammad A. Karim "Determining a confidence factor for automatic target recognition based on image sequence quality", Proc. SPIE 3370, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery V, (15 September 1998);

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