15 September 1998 Refocus of constant-velocity moving targets in synthetic aperture radar imagery
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Abstract
The detection and refocus of moving targets in SAR imagery is of interest in a number of applications. In this paper we address the problem of refocussing a blurred signature that has by some means been identified as a moving target. We assume that the target vehicle velocity is constant, i.e., the motion is in a straight line with constant speed. The refocus is accomplished by application of a 2D phase function to the phase history data obtained via Fourier transformation of an image chip that contains the blurred moving target data. By considering separately the phase effects of the range and cross-range components of the target velocity vector, we show how the appropriate phase correction term can be derived as a two-parameter function. We then show a procedure for estimating the two parameters, so that the blurred signature can be automatically refocused. The algorithm utilizes optimization of an image domain contrast metric. We present results of refocusing moving targets in real SAR imagery by this method.
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Charles V. Jakowatz, Daniel E. Wahl, Paul H. Eichel, "Refocus of constant-velocity moving targets in synthetic aperture radar imagery", Proc. SPIE 3370, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery V, (15 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.321814; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.321814
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