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2 July 1998 Discharge-aided reactive laser ablation for ultrafine powder production
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Proceedings Volume 3405, ROMOPTO '97: Fifth Conference on Optics; (1998)
Event: ROMOPTO '97: Fifth Conference on Optics, 1997, Bucharest, Romania
Ultrafine alumina powder was produced by aluminum target ablation with a Nd:YAG laser beam (1064 nm wavelength; 340 mJ/pulse energy; 7 ns pulse duration; 10 pps repetition rate), in a 120 Torr O2 atmosphere. A theoretical approach for the ablation process, based on laser energy absorption and energy balance in the target, is used for comparison with the experimental production rate. Three experimental irradiation conditions were chosen: (1) energy density of 5 J/cm2, considered reference (RDE), (2) lower energy density of 2.5 J/cm2 (LDE) and (3) RDE with auxiliary discharge between an auxiliary electrode and target, triggered by the ablation plume (RDA). Calculated and experimental data of target weight loss show good agreement (135 ng/pulse, calculated, and 100, 110, 120 ng/pulse, experimentally, for RDE, LDE, RDA conditions, respectively). The X-Ray Diffraction spectra of alumina show formation of (gamma) -alumina particles only, especially in LDE and RDA conditions. From Scanning Electron Microscopy size analysis, a decrease of particle size, in LDE and RDA irradiating conditions, is observed. The decrease of laser beam fluence or aiding of ablation using an auxiliary discharge is both favorable for the production of high quality powder, without diminishing the production rate. This can be a good basis for future improvement of the ultrafine powder production process.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ioan Chis, Aurelian Marcu, T. Yukawa, Dumitru Dragulinescu, Constantin Grigoriu, Dana Miu, Weihua Jiang, and Kiyoshi Yatsui "Discharge-aided reactive laser ablation for ultrafine powder production", Proc. SPIE 3405, ROMOPTO '97: Fifth Conference on Optics, (2 July 1998);

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