Virtual LANs (VLANs) allow to interconnect users over campus or wide area networks and gives the users the impression as they would be connected to the same local area network (LAN). The implementation of VLANs is based on ATM Forum's LAN Emulation and LAN/ATM switches providing interconnection of emulated LANs over ATM and the LAN ports to which the user's end systems are attached to. The paper discusses possible implementation architectures and describes advanced features such as ATM short-cuts, QoS, and redundancy concepts.
"Implementation of virtual LANs over ATM WANs", Proc. SPIE 3408, Broadband European Networks and Multimedia Services, (16 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.321906; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.321906