18 November 1998 HSRS: an infrared sensor for hot spot detection
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The observation of high temperature events (HTE) is an important field of the remote sensing because of their influence on the global change of the environmental processes. Currently a small satellite BIRD (Bispectral Infrared Detection) dedicated to this task is under development in the German Aerospace Center. Considering the restrictions of an 80 kg satellite a bispectral infrared push broom scanner working in the Midwave and in the Thermal Infrared based on the latest technology of linear detector arrays was developed. The identical design for both infrared channels was realized to save resources and to guarantee the reliability. Because of the limited number of elements per line a subpixel detecting concept was chosen to estimate the parameters of the HTE with a reasonable ground resolution and swath wide. A special dual band optics and a compact sensor head design will ensure the required geometric stability. The subpixel measurement method for the hot spot detection requires a high detectivity and a large dynamic range. A special signal processing concept has been implemented at the sensor head controller. Recently the first airborne experiments were carried out together with a push broom scanner in the visible. During this experiments the sensor control, onboard signal processing and data transmission routines were tested.
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Wolfgang Skrbek, Wolfgang Skrbek, Eckehard Lorenz, Eckehard Lorenz, } "HSRS: an infrared sensor for hot spot detection", Proc. SPIE 3437, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing VI, (18 November 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.331299; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.331299

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