16 October 1998 Bathymetry from fusion of airborne hyperspectral and laser data
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Abstract
Airborne hyperspectral and nadir-viewing laser data can be combined to ascertain shallow water bathymetry. The combination emphasizes the advances and overcomes the disadvantages of each method used alone. For laser systems, both the hardware and software for obtaining off-nadir measurement are complicated and expensive, while for the nadir view the conversion of laser pulse travel time to depth is straightforward. The hyperspectral systems can easily collect data in a full swath, but interpretation for water depth requires careful calibration and correction for transmittance through the atmosphere and water. Relative depths are apparent in displays of several subsets of hyperspectral data, for example, single blue-green wavelengths, endmembers that represent the pure water component of the data, or ratios of deep to shallow water endmembers. A relationship between one of these values and the depth measured by the aligned nadir laser can be determined, and then applied to the rest of the swath to obtain depth in physical units for the entire area covered. We demonstrate this technique using bathymetric charts as a proxy for laser data, and hyperspectral data taken by AVIRIS over Lake Tahoe and Key West.
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Mary E. Kappus, Mary E. Kappus, Curtiss O. Davis, Curtiss O. Davis, W. Joseph Rhea, W. Joseph Rhea, } "Bathymetry from fusion of airborne hyperspectral and laser data", Proc. SPIE 3438, Imaging Spectrometry IV, (16 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.328121; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.328121
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