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16 October 1998 CHAMP: a locally adaptive unmixing-based hyperspectral anomaly detection algorithm
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Abstract
Anomaly detection offers a means by which to identify potentially important objects in a scene without prior knowledge of their spectral signatures. As such, this approach is less sensitive to variations in target class composition, atmospheric and illumination conditions, and sensor gain settings than would be a spectral matched filter or similar algorithm. The best existing anomaly detectors generally fall into one of two categories: those based on local Gaussian statistics, and those based on linear mixing moles. Unmixing-based approaches better represent the real distribution of data in a scene, but are typically derived and applied on a global or scene-wide basis. Locally adaptive approaches allow detection of more subtle anomalies by accommodating the spatial non-homogeneity of background classes in a typical scene, but provide a poorer representation of the true underlying background distribution. The CHAMP algorithm combines the best attributes of both approaches, applying a linear-mixing model approach in a spatially adaptive manner. The algorithm itself, and teste results on simulated and actual hyperspectral image data, are presented in this paper.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Eric P. Crist, Brian J. Thelen, and David A. Carrara "CHAMP: a locally adaptive unmixing-based hyperspectral anomaly detection algorithm", Proc. SPIE 3438, Imaging Spectrometry IV, (16 October 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.328123
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