6 July 1998 Combined SEM (secondary electrons, backscatter, cathodoluminescence) and atomic force microscope investigation of fracture surfaces in Martian meteorite ALH84001: preliminary results
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Abstract
A variety of microscope techniques have been used to study surficial phenomena on the fracture surfaces of the Martian meteorite ALH84001. The aim of the investigation was to determine the most useful microscopy methods in the search for morphological signs of biogenic activity. Emphasis was placed on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using secondary, backscatter and cathodoluminescence modes combined with observation of samples at a variety of accelerating voltages. High resolution SEM imaging was compared with atomic force microscopy. These techniques revealed a number of structures of possible abiotic and biotic origin: (1) a large, fibrous-looking carbonaceous structure, (2) fine, flaky films coating pyroxene surfaces, (3) finely granular calcium carbonate deposit is associated with the fine film, and (4) lacy-structured, mineralized polymers on the pyroxene surface. Another sample contains further evidence of water-lain deposits in a cracked, iron oxide coat on a fracture surface.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Frances Westall, Frances Westall, Pier Giorgio Gobbi, Pier Giorgio Gobbi, Giovanni Mazzoti, Giovanni Mazzoti, Dane Gerneke, Dane Gerneke, Robert W. Stark, Robert W. Stark, Tanya Dobrek, Tanya Dobrek, Wolfgang M. Heckl, Wolfgang M. Heckl, Everett J. Gibson, Everett J. Gibson, David S. McKay, David S. McKay, Carlton Allen, Carlton Allen, Andrew Steele, Andrew Steele, Kathy L. Thomas-Keprta, Kathy L. Thomas-Keprta, "Combined SEM (secondary electrons, backscatter, cathodoluminescence) and atomic force microscope investigation of fracture surfaces in Martian meteorite ALH84001: preliminary results", Proc. SPIE 3441, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology, (6 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.319841; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.319841
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