19 November 1998 Development of beamline U3A for AXAF synchrotron reflectivity calibrations
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Abstract
We discuss the development of beamline U3A at NSLS for AXAF telescope witness mirror reflectivity calibrations in the 1- 2 keV energy range. The beamline was originally constructed as a white light beamline and has been upgraded with the addition of a monochromator to meet the needs of the AXAF calibration program. The beamline consists of an upstream horizontally focussing gold coated elliptical mirror, a differential pumping section, a sample/filter chamber, a monochromator and a downstream filter set. The mirror is set at a 2 degree incident angle for a nominal high energy cutoff at 2 keV. The monochromator is a separated element, scanning, double crystal/multilayer design having low to moderate energy resolution. A fixed exit beam is maintained through the 7-70 degree Bragg angle range by longitudinal translation of the second scanning crystal. Tracking is achieved by computer control of the scan motors with lookup table positioning of the crystal rotary tables. All motors are in vacuum and there are no motional feedthroughs. Several different multilayer or crystal pairs are co-mounted on the monochromator crystal holders and can be exchanged in situ. Currently installed are a W/Si multilayer pair, beryl, and Na-(beta) alumina allowing energy coverage from 180 eV to 2000 eV. Measurements with Na-(beta) alumina and beryl show that beam impurity less than 0.1 percent can be achieved in the 1-2 keV energy range. Measured resolving powers are E/(Delta) E equals 60 for W/Si, 500-800 for (beta) alumina and 1500 to 3000 for beryl. Initial results suggest that signal to noise and beam purity are adequate in the 1-2 keV region to achieve the 1 percent calibration accuracy required by AXAF. This allows overlap of Ir MV edge data taken on x-ray beamline X8A and with low energy data taken on ALS beamline 6.3.2.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Anthony J. Burek, Anthony J. Burek, J. C. Cobuzzi, J. C. Cobuzzi, Jonathan J. Fitch, Jonathan J. Fitch, Dale E. Graessle, Dale E. Graessle, Russell H. Ingram, Russell H. Ingram, J. B. Sweeney, J. B. Sweeney, Richard L. Blake, Richard L. Blake, R. Francoeur, R. Francoeur, E. S. Sullivan, E. S. Sullivan, } "Development of beamline U3A for AXAF synchrotron reflectivity calibrations", Proc. SPIE 3444, X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions, (19 November 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.331281; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.331281
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