2 October 1998 Modal distribution analysis of vibrato in musical signals
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Abstract
Due to the nonstationary nature of vibrator notes, standard Fourier analysis techniques may not sufficiently characterize the partials of notes undergoing vibrato. Our study employs the modal distribution, a bilinear time-frequency representation, to analyze vibrato signals. Instantaneous frequency and amplitude values for each partial are extracted using Hilbert techniques applied to local neighborhoods of the time-frequency surface. We consider vibrato in violin and vocal performance. Our study confirms the presence of both amplitude modulation and frequency modulation in the partials of notes generated by each of these instruments, and provides a fine-grained analysis of these variations. In addition, we show that these instantaneous amplitude and frequency estimates can be incorporated into methods for synthesizing signals that perceptually resemble the original sampled sounds.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Maureen Mellody, Gregory H. Wakefield, "Modal distribution analysis of vibrato in musical signals", Proc. SPIE 3461, Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VIII, (2 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.325678; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.325678
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KEYWORDS
Amplitude modulation

Frequency modulation

Time-frequency analysis

Modulation

Error analysis

Signal analyzers

Statistical analysis

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