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6 July 1998 Optical and thermomechanical investigations on thermoplastic nanocomposites with surface-modified silica nanoparticles
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Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) and UV/VIS spectroscopy were applied to investigate the thermomechanical and optical properties of thermoplastic nanocomposites. The thermoplastic matrix material used was a copolymer derived from methylmethacrylate (MMA) and 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA). To improve the mechanical properties, especially in the high temperature region above the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the matrix, the copolymer was filled with spherical 10 nm silica particles (filler content 2, 5, and 10 vol% respectively). The particles were introduced in the polymer matrix after appropriate surface coating to control the filler dispersion in the matrix and the filler/matrix adhesion. The coating was performed using acetoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (APTS) to achieve higher filler/matrix compatibility compared to unmodified silica particles dispersed in the polymer matrix. Methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTS) was used to improve filler/matrix adhesion by covalent bonding between the filler surface and polymer matrix. The appearance of the poly(MMA-co- HEMA) nanocomposites (denoted:PMH nanocomposites) changes from translucent for the systems containing uncoated silica to more transparent for the compositions containing silane coated silica. This is indicated by a decrease in scattering/absorbance losses from 1.48 dB/cm to 1.06 dB/cm at (lambda) equals 650 nm. Investigations of the morphology of the same nanocomposites using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that by coating the particles with silane an almost perfect dispersion of the fillers in the matrix can be realized. The more homogeneous dispersion of the silane coated particles in the polymer matrix compared to the uncoated silica is responsible for the increase in transparency of the systems. However, the composition dependence of the refractive index is in accordance with the expected behavior and shows a decrease with increasing amounts of silica (0% silica: ne equals 1.5085, 10% silica ne equals 1.4965) whereas, the Abbe number remains almost constant at ve equals 58 for all compositions. In addition, the fortyfold increase in the value for the storage modulus E' at T equals 170 degrees Celsius [derived from dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA)] for the system with 9.5 vol.% MPTS coated particles compared to the unfilled matrix indicates an increased thermomechanical stability of the nanocomposites.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Carsten Becker, Peter Mueller, and Helmut K. Schmidt "Optical and thermomechanical investigations on thermoplastic nanocomposites with surface-modified silica nanoparticles", Proc. SPIE 3469, Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials for Photonics, (6 July 1998);


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