Photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate (BaTiO3:Rh) is now well known for its significant response at near infrared wavelengths .We studied and characterized this crystal at 1.06 j.tm. By twowave mixing experiments in a 45°-cut crystal, we measured a maximum photorefractive gain F of 23 cm1 with cw illumination and 16.6 cm1 with nanosecond illumination, together with a low absorption (0. 1 cm1). Using spectroscopic determinations of the photorefractive sites 2 (Rh3, Rh4, Rh5), we showed that the photorefractive properties of BaTiO3 Rh could be well described by a three charge state model .This enabled to determine the internal parameters of the material using experimental characterizations and to accurately predict its performances at 1 .06 tm. Comparative characterizations of several BaTiO3:Rh samples proved that this material is now well reproducible, which is of prime importance for applications. Reproducibility, high photorefractive gain, low absorption and accurate theoretical description make BaTiO3:Rh a good candidate for realization and optimization of non linear functions like optical phase conjugation. The application we are interested in, is the dynamic wavefront correction of nanosecond Nd:YAG master-oscillator power-amplifier (MOPA) laser sources.