The basic principles and detailed description of the controllable optical laboratory of a new type are reported. The laboratory is based on a modular principle and enabled to mount and adjust any optical scheme (geometrical or wave) in short time. The scheme not only linear, but also ramified, practically of any grade of complexity. The laboratory training works can be carried out in several modes: from usual hand-operated with readout of distances and angles on scales and limbs up to completely controlled IBM PC with digital processing of received one-coordinate distributions (received with photo diodes) or digital optical images (by means CCD-camera).
The set of equipment comprises optical component manufacturing with use of photolithography technology (such as slits, apertures, disks, one-dimensional and two-dimensional, regular and chaotic structures, zone plates, etc.) and compactly placed on a common photo pattern.
The laboratory equipment is supplied with the software including the guide - programs realizating the laboratory training works, test programs of the control of knowledge and simulating programs allowing to expand an opportunity of real physical experiment. The software is made as the original WINDOWS-applications.