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23 September 1998 Material removal rate fiber optic corrosion sensor
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Proceedings Volume 3489, Fourth Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop; (1998)
Event: Fourth Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop, 1998, Troutdale, OR, United States
Fiber Bragg grating sensors generally consist of a single grating written in a low-birefringent optical fiber. The wavelength shift of the peak in the reflected spectrum from these sensors can be used to measure a single component of strain or a change in temperature [Lawrence, 1997]. Fibers are also available with a significant enough birefringence to maintain the polarization state along great lengths and through many turns. This 'polarization maintaining' fiber is commercially available through several companies and in several configurations (including different cladding material and wavelength shift). The grating usually extends approximately 3 mm - 5 m in length. Udd gives a detailed explanation of fiber optics, Bragg gratings and birefringence [Udd, 1991]. As light from an LED is passed through the fiber, only the wavelength consistent with the grating period will be reflected back towards the source. All other wavelengths will pass through. The reflected spectrum will shift as the fiber is strained along its axis at the grating location. Strain or temperature changes at any other location have negligible effect on the wavelength encoded data output. When the Fiber Bragg grating single-axis sensor (termed fiber hereafter) is strained transversely the wavelength will separate into two distinct peaks according to a mathematical relationship defined by Lawrence and Nelson [Lawrence, Nelson et al. 96]. Using these Fiber Bragg grating fibers a corrosion sensor which measures the rate of material was developed. The principle behind this newly developed corrosion sensor is to pre-stress the fiber with a known load. The load is applied by inducing a uniform hoop stress through pressure fitted cylinders around the fiber. This induced stress creates a broadening of the reflected spectrum until the bifurcation of the reflected intensity peaks is distinguishable. As the material from the outer cylinder corrodes away the applied stress will be relieved. Finally, when no load is achieved, the reflected spectrum will have a single peak centered around the nominal Bragg grating wavelength. If a polarizing-maintaining 3-axis grating is used then the sensor would be even more sensitive, having two distinct peaks in each wavelength regime which shift.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Angela Trego, Eric D. Haugse, and Eric Udd "Material removal rate fiber optic corrosion sensor", Proc. SPIE 3489, Fourth Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop, (23 September 1998);

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