Among the various methods presently used in the field of nondestructive testing, optical holography is expected to become a very useful and promising tool in the near future. In fact, holography offers a number of advantages which should be briefly outlined here : direct and overall visualization of defects (disbonding, formation of cracks, inhomogeneities...) on large sufaces (of several square meters). Furthermore there is no interaction with the object under test and the surface to be studied has not to be treated. Finally holography is characterized by a high spatial resolution and a great sensitivity (it is possible to detect deformations as small as a few microns). In contrast to other modern techniques,holography is relatively unexpensive and can be used on-site with pulsed lasers. The general principles of holography and of methods using holographic interferometry will be recalled (double-exposure holographic interferometry, real-time holographic interferometry, "time-average" holographic interferometry). Thereafter the activities in which ISL is presently engaged will be reported briefly, that is laboratory feasibility tests and experiments conducted on-site in an industrial environment with the aid, in general, of pulsed ruby lasers : testing of adhesive bonding in solid propellant rockers and in aircraft structures, detection and observation of cracking in fatigue tests, visua-lization of the modes of vibration of mechanical structures, experiments conducted on air-craft subjected to maintenance checking, etc.