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4 December 1998 1.55-μm mode expander using single epitaxial growth
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Abstract
We report on two techniques developed at the University of Maryland, College Park for fabricating expanded mode laser arrays. Both of these techniques use single epitaxial growth and conventional fabrication techniques. The first of these techniques is based on adiabatic mode transformation from a tightly confined active waveguide to a loosely confined large underlying passive waveguide over a mode transmission region 500 micrometers long. The devices butt couple to a standard single mode fiber with a coupling loss of 3.6 dB and reduced farfield divergence angles of 22 degree(s) and 9 degree(s) in the transverse and lateral directions respectively. The excess mode transformation loss is 1.3 dB. The second device is based on a novel resonant coupling scheme between two waveguides of different dimensions and refractive indices. The mode is transformed over a taper length of 200 micrometers with excess mode transformation loss of 0.6 dB. Butt coupling efficiencies of 41% (3.8 dB coupling loss) is achieved to a standard single mode fiber. The farfield divergence angles achieved are 24 degree(s) and 13 degree(s) in the transverse and lateral directions respectively.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mario Dagenais, Simarjeet S. Saini, Vijayanand Vusirikala, Robert E. Bartolo, Ralph D. Whaley Jr., F. G. Johnson, and Dennis Stone "1.55-μm mode expander using single epitaxial growth", Proc. SPIE 3491, 1998 International Conference on Applications of Photonic Technology III: Closing the Gap between Theory, Development, and Applications, (4 December 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.328754
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