4 December 1998 Experimental investigations of wavelength and angular errors in holographic gratings with non-Bragg-matched READ beams
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Abstract
Perfect Bragg matching is generally desirable for accurate optical interconnections with holographic gratings. In reality, however, gratings may be illuminated by READ beams with non-Bragg-matched angles, or wavelengths, or both. In such cases, the scattered beams are generally misdirected, and may suffer loss of efficiency and possibly more serious errors such as crosstalk noise or missed connections. A conventional wavevector triad method of analyzing the scattered beam errors leads readily to near-Bragg estimates of the output angular misalignment. However, the READ wavevector triads appear to indicate a possible wavelength shift in the output beam even with a Bragg-matched READ wavelength, which is counter-intuitive. This paper presents some of the theoretical findings for output beam characteristics under READ misalignments, and the results of a series of experiments aimed at verifying both the output angular error as well as whether or not any unexpected wavelength shift occurs in the output beam. Based on the experimental findings, the interpretation of the misaligned READ wavevector triad is appropriately modified.
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Monish R. Chatterjee, Monish R. Chatterjee, Vivek Ray, Vivek Ray, } "Experimental investigations of wavelength and angular errors in holographic gratings with non-Bragg-matched READ beams", Proc. SPIE 3491, 1998 International Conference on Applications of Photonic Technology III: Closing the Gap between Theory, Development, and Applications, (4 December 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.328637; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.328637
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