SCIAMACHY (Scanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY) is a contribution to the ENVISAT-1 satellite, which is to be launched in spring 2000. The SCIAMACHY instrument is designed to measure sunlight transmitted, reflected and scattered by the Earth's atmosphere or surface. The instrument measures simultaneously from the UV to the NIB spectral spectral region (240 - 2380 nm). Observations are made in alternate nadir and limb viewing geometries and also for solar sunrise and lunar moonrise occultation. Inversion of the SCIAMACHY measurements will provide the following: the amount and distributions of some important trace gases O3, BrO, OClO, ClO, SO2, H2CO, NO2, CO, CO2, CH4, H2O, N2O, p, T, aerosol, and radiation flux profiles, cloud cover and cloud top height. Combination of the near simultaneous limb and nadir observations enables the tropospheric column amounts of O3, NO2, CO, CH4, H2O, N2O, SO2, and H2CO to be detected. SCIAMACHY will provide new insight into the global behavior of the troposphere and the stratosphere.