18 December 1998 Instrumented fingernails: a haptically unobstructive method for touch force input
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Proceedings Volume 3524, Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies V; (1998) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.333682
Event: Photonics East (ISAM, VVDC, IEMB), 1998, Boston, MA, United States
A new type of touch sensor for detecting contact pressure at human fingertips is presented. Fingernails are instrumented with miniature LEDs and photodetectors in order to measure changes in the nail color when the fingers are pressed against a surface, this new sensor allows the fingers to directly contact the environment without obstructing the human's natural haptic rather than the finger pad. Photo- reflective plethysmorgraphy is used for measuring the nail color. A prototype fingernail sensor and is constructed and used to create a fingertip-free electronic glove. Using these new touch senors, a novel human-machine interface, termed 'virtual switch', is developed and applied to robot programming. The virtual switch detects human intention of pressing a switch by measuring the finger touch signal and the hand location. Instead of embedding a physical switch in a wall or panel, the virtual switch requires merely an image of a switch posted on the surface, and hence can be placed on any surface where one wants to place switches.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Stephen A. Mascaro, Stephen A. Mascaro, H. Harry Asada, H. Harry Asada, Kuo Wei Chang, Kuo Wei Chang, } "Instrumented fingernails: a haptically unobstructive method for touch force input", Proc. SPIE 3524, Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies V, (18 December 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.333682; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.333682

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