23 February 1999 Large-area hyphenated fiber optic chemical sensor platforms
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Proceedings Volume 3540, Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors X; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.339786
Event: Photonics East (ISAM, VVDC, IEMB), 1998, Boston, MA, United States
Abstract
The ability to collect broadband spectroscopic information about chemical analytes is highly desirable. We report on a technique that combines chemically selective coatings and optical spectroscopy. A 1-meter fiber 150 micrometers in diameter has approximately 5 cm2 surface area. This entire surface is used by incorporating selective moieties into the fiber cladding. The Large-Area Chemical Sensor concept for chemical sensing and measurement is based on a combination of three techniques. Specifically, it uses: (1) optical waveguides as the sensor substrate, (2) selectively adsorbing or absorbing materials to concentrate the target materials, and (3) spectroscopic interrogation for verification and quantification. The concept has been demonstrated for an iodine sensor by co-polymerizing methyl, phenyl siloxane into di-methyl siloxane. The phenyl group forms a charge-transfer complex with iodine which has an absorption at ca. 500 nm. Fused silica is the waveguide core. This system provides sensitivities in the 10-ppm range. The concept has been implemented into a prototype field iodine sensor unit. Work on the sensor concept continues with the goal of improving the sensitivity by allowing each photon multiple opportunities to interact with a target molecule.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mary Bliss, Mary Bliss, Richard A. Craig, Richard A. Craig, Jay W. Grate, Jay W. Grate, Steven N. Kaganove, Steven N. Kaganove, Norman C. Anheier, Norman C. Anheier, Debra S. Barnett, Debra S. Barnett, } "Large-area hyphenated fiber optic chemical sensor platforms", Proc. SPIE 3540, Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors X, (23 February 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.339786; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.339786
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