14 January 1999 Coupling sensing to crop models for closed-loop plant production in advanced life support systems
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Proceedings Volume 3543, Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.336910
Event: Photonics East (ISAM, VVDC, IEMB), 1998, Boston, MA, United States
Abstract
We present a conceptual framework for coupling sensing to crop models for closed-loop analysis of plant production for NASA's program in advanced life support. Crop status may be monitored through non-destructive observations, while models may be independently applied to crop production planning and decision support. To achieve coupling, environmental variables and observations are linked to mode inputs and outputs, and monitoring results compared with model predictions of plant growth and development. The information thus provided may be useful in diagnosing problems with the plant growth system, or as a feedback to the model for evaluation of plant scheduling and potential yield. In this paper, we demonstrate this coupling using machine vision sensing of canopy height and top projected canopy area, and the CROPGRO crop growth model. Model simulations and scenarios are used for illustration. We also compare model predictions of the machine vision variables with data from soybean experiments conducted at New Jersey Agriculture Experiment Station Horticulture Greenhouse Facility, Rutgers University. Model simulations produce reasonable agreement with the available data, supporting our illustration.
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James Cavazzoni, James Cavazzoni, Peter P. Ling, Peter P. Ling, "Coupling sensing to crop models for closed-loop plant production in advanced life support systems", Proc. SPIE 3543, Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality, (14 January 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.336910; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.336910
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