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14 January 1999 Optical weed detection and evaluation using reflection measurements
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Proceedings Volume 3543, Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality; (1999)
Event: Photonics East (ISAM, VVDC, IEMB), 1998, Boston, MA, United States
For the site-specific application of herbicides, the automatic detection and evaluation of weeds is necessary. Since reflectance of crop, weeds and soil differs in visual and near IR wavelengths, there is a potential for using reflection measurements at different wavelengths to distinguish between them. Diffuse reflectance spectra of crop and weed leaves were used to evaluate the possibilities of weed detection with reflection measurements. Fourteen different weed species and four crops were included in the dataset. Classification of the spectra in crop, weeds and soil is possible, based on 3 to 7 narrow wavelength bands. The spectral analysis was repeated for reflectance measurements of canopies. Sugarbeet and Maize and 7 weed species were included in the measurements. The classification into crop and weeds was still possible, suing a limited number of wavelength band ratios. This suggest that reflection measurements at a limited number of wavelength bands could be used to detect and treat weeds in a field. This is a great environmental benefit, as agrochemicals will only be used where they are needed. The possibilities of using optical reflectance for weed detection and treatment in the field are discussed.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Els Vrindts and Josse De Baerdemaeker "Optical weed detection and evaluation using reflection measurements", Proc. SPIE 3543, Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality, (14 January 1999);

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