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12 August 1998 Phenomenon of the second uprising of Yb.Er:ZBLAN upconversion luminescence by the power of a 966-nm pumping laser
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In the study of Rare-earth upconversion luminescence, it is always a key factor to efficiently increase the luminescence efficiency. Some exciting results have been achieved by the method of sensitization of codoped rare-earth ions. The high upconversion efficiency has been achieved by the very effective way of using the Yb3+ ions' 2F5/2 energy level as the intermediate level to transfer energy to many other rare-earth ions. Due to the strong absorption of Yb3+ ions between the wavelength of 900 nm to 1000 nm, the population can be accumulated largely on the 2F5/2 energy level and it becomes possible to transfer energy to higher levels. In recent years, the study of the upconversion luminescence of Ho3+, Er3+, Pr3+ sensitized by Yb3+ shows that Yb3+ can cause quench at the same time with sensitization. So the codoped system of Yb3+ + R E (rare-earth ions) has very complex luminescence mechanism and in most situation the upconversion channels are not single or single direction. The study of the sensitization and quench is very important just because these complexities. Since the diode laser in 900 nm to approximately 1000 nm has developed quite well, it becomes possible to use mono-frequency diode laser to pump upconversion laser and fiber laser. In this paper, the upconversion luminescence of Yb(0.3)Er(0.3):ZBLAN glass induced by 966 nm diode laser was studied. Base on the experiment data, these results are calculated by the rate equation: when the cross energy transfer P between Yb3+ and Er3+ ions is quite weak, the upconversion luminescence become saturated gradually by the increase of the pump laser power; when the P is quite strong, it will cause a steep uprising of the luminescence before the saturation. This is the phenomenon of second uprising by the laser power that observed in the experiment.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hong Wang, Zhao Hao, Mengxia Li, Xiaobo Chen, Yan Feng, Kun Li, and Guangyin Zhang "Phenomenon of the second uprising of Yb.Er:ZBLAN upconversion luminescence by the power of a 966-nm pumping laser", Proc. SPIE 3551, Integrated Optoelectronics II, (12 August 1998);

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