8 February 1999 Thermoelastic stress analysis of a pultruded composite double lap joint
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The use of composite materials, in particular glass/epoxy systems for structural applications has seen widespread growth. Recent examples include a bridge in Butler County, Ohio and a covered pedestrian bridge that is scheduled to be installed in Akron, Ohio. Both of these structures employ pultruded composites for the main structural members due to their high strength, light weight and the ease of manufacture into common structural shapes such as wide flanges, I-beams and box sections. The use of these shapes gives the designer the ability to use many of the same types of structural details that are common to steel design. This paper will examine the most common method of joining structural members, bolted connections. The analysis of bolted connections in composite materials has been widely reported in the literature. Analysis methods have ranged from two and three dimensional finite element analysis to more empirical methods of calculating the stress concentration factors based on experimental data. This paper will focus on the use of the thermoelastic stress analysis method to determine the stress concentration around a steel pin loaded in double shear by a pultruded glass fiber composite. Further studies were conducted to determine the time dependent material behavior on the thermoelastic stress analysis signal output. The following is a description of the theory, experimental setup, and a summary of results.
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John H. Hemann, John H. Hemann, Richard E. Martin, Richard E. Martin, Davor G. Mandic, Davor G. Mandic, } "Thermoelastic stress analysis of a pultruded composite double lap joint", Proc. SPIE 3585, Nondestructive Evaluation of Aging Materials and Composites III, (8 February 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.339873; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.339873

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