The study was conducted on 30 vital maxillary or mandibulary teeth destined for extraction due to periodontal problems. 21 were experimentally treated with pulsed CO2 laser delivered by a newly developed fiber and 9 teeth represented the control group. The micro probe is a flexible, hollow, metal fiber, 300 μm in diameter and 20 mm in length, coupled onto a handpiece, with the following radiation parameters: wavelength-10.6μm; pulse duration-50m.sec; energy per pulses 0.25 joule; energy density-360 J/cm2 per pulse; power on tissue-5W. The laser group was divided into three, receiving 20, 40 or 60 pulses, respectively. On light microscopy: in all the control group cases, large amount of residual pulp tissue was seen, it was diminished in some of the low energy group and was totally eradicated in the high energy group. This was confirmed by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) examination. The dentin tubuli were partly occluded with the low energy levels and completely with the high levels, as shown by the high-speed centrifuge dye penetration test and by the SEM tests.