2 July 1999 Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence of normal and atherosclerotic coronary artery
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Proceedings Volume 3600, Biomedical Imaging: Reporters, Dyes, and Instrumentation; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.351029
Event: BiOS '99 International Biomedical Optics Symposium, 1999, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
This study investigates the spectro-temporal fluorescence emission of normal and diseased coronary arteries with graded levels of atherosclerosis. Fluorescence emission of 58 excised human coronary artery samples was induced with N2 laser pulses and detected with a MCP-PMT connected to a digital oscilloscope. The samples were H and E and Movat stained and histologically classified in accordance with AHA classification. An algorithm based on Laguerre expansion of kernels was used to deconvolve the intrinsic fluorescence impulse response function from the measured transient pulse. A biexponential function depicted the fluorescence decay characteristics. We noticed 1) in spectral domain: peak fluorescence intensity was at 380 nm for normal and initial lesions samples and blue-shifted for advanced lesions; intensity at 450-480 nm decreased from approximately 65 percent peak intensity for normal samples to approximately 30 percent for Type V lesions; 2) in time domain: longer lasting emission for the advanced lesions. The decay constants varied as a function emission wavelength and lesion type. For instance the time constants for Type V lesions measured at 390 nm were significantly larger that those measured on normal arterial wall. The fast term decay contributed to a higher degree to the impulse response function for normal tissue. These results reveal that the analysis of the temporal characteristics of fluorescence can be used to differentiate between coronary lesion and normal coronary wall. The time domain information complements the spectral domain intensity data for improved differentiation between graded levels of coronary lesions.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Laura Marcu, Laura Marcu, Jean-Michel I. Maarek, Jean-Michel I. Maarek, Michael C. Fishbein, Michael C. Fishbein, Warren S. Grundfest, Warren S. Grundfest, } "Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence of normal and atherosclerotic coronary artery", Proc. SPIE 3600, Biomedical Imaging: Reporters, Dyes, and Instrumentation, (2 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.351029; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.351029
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