6 May 1999 Estimating spectral models for multidimensional data mapping
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Proceedings Volume 3605, Three-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing VI; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.347578
Event: BiOS '99 International Biomedical Optics Symposium, 1999, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
The basic procedure of spectral image analysis is mapping, i.e., generation of conventional images using specific spectral features from multidimensional data set. Commonly, it is based on decomposition of the original spectra into a sum of model spectra which are usually attributed to chemically/physically different components. However, the problem is complicated when the model spectra are not clearly definable or difficult and even impossible to obtain experimentally. Here we describe a method for estimating spectral models based on the elimination of physical meaningless solutions obtained by PCA (Principal Component Analysis). The method includes the following steps: segmentation of the original spectral image using a white- light image; generation of primary factors for each segmented region by MDF (maximum distance factors) algorithm; extending the factor space to satisfy non-negative score requirements; generation of model limits by rotation of factor matrix in conditions of non-negative intensity values; calculation of the common model as intersection regions in the score space. The precision of the method depends on the spectral variations in the original data. When these variations are significant the models could be obtained precisely and then attributed to possible sample components. This method was validated in different research fields: to study the distribution of anticancer drugs in single living cells, to characterize phenolic species in wheat walls.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Serguei Charonov, Serguei Charonov, Abdelbasset Saadi, Abdelbasset Saadi, Alexandre Kokota, Alexandre Kokota, Michel Manfait, Michel Manfait, } "Estimating spectral models for multidimensional data mapping", Proc. SPIE 3605, Three-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing VI, (6 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.347578; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.347578
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