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24 May 1999 High-Q microsphere cavity for laser stabilization and optoelectronic microwave oscillator
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With submillimeter size and optical Q up to approximately 1010, microspheres with whispering-gallery (WG) modes are attractive new component for fiber-optics/photonics applications and a potential core in ultra-compact high- spectral-purity optical and microwave oscillators. In addition to earlier demonstrated optical locking of diode laser to WG mode in a microsphere, we report on microsphere application in the microwave optoelectronic oscillator, OEO. In OEO, a steady-state microwave modulation of optical carrier is obtained in a closed loop including electro- optical modulator, fiber-optic delay, detector and microwave amplifier. OEO demonstrates exceptionally low phase noise (-140 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz from approximately 10 GHz carrier) with a fiber length approximately 2 km. Current technology allows to put all parts of the OEO, except the fiber, on the same chip. Microspheres, with their demonstrated Q equivalent to a kilometer fiber storage, can replace fiber delays in a truly integrated device. We have obtained microwave oscillation in microsphere-based OEO at 5 to 18 GHz, with 1310 nm and 1550 nm optical carrier, in two configurations: (1) with external DFB pump laser, and (2) with a ring laser including microsphere and a fiber optic amplifier. Also reported is a simple and efficient fiber coupler for microspheres facilitating their integration with existing fiber optics devices.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Vladimir S. Ilchenko, X. Steve Yao, and Lute Maleki "High-Q microsphere cavity for laser stabilization and optoelectronic microwave oscillator", Proc. SPIE 3611, Laser Resonators II, (24 May 1999);

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