4 June 1999 Safe use of ultrashort lasers
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We review the progress made in determining the trends in retinal damage from laser pulse from one nanosecond to one hundred femtoseconds in the visible and near-infrared wavelength regimes. These trends have suggested a maximum permissible exposure limit for laser pulses in the retinal hazard regime between one nanosecond and one hundred femtoseconds. We discuss the likely mechanisms for retinal damage and the implications to using ultrashort laser systems safely. We will summarize the challenges in appropriately addressing safety when using ultrashort laser systems in advanced applications.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Benjamin A. Rockwell, Benjamin A. Rockwell, Clarence P. Cain, Clarence P. Cain, William P. Roach, William P. Roach, Robert J. Thomas, Robert J. Thomas, } "Safe use of ultrashort lasers", Proc. SPIE 3616, Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers, (4 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.351838; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.351838

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