24 May 1999 Coherent control of excitons in single and coupled quantum wells
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Abstract
In this paper, we report the manipulation of coherent exciton in single- and coupled-quantum-wells using phase locked pulses generated by pulse shaping techniques instead of Michelson interferometer. The pulse shaping system with double liquid crystal spatial light modulator, and the Ti3+-sapphire laser with pulse width of about 120 fs are used to generate phase-locked pulses. GaAs/AlGaAs quantum-wells (exciton energy: E0 equals 1.5470 eV) and asymmetric double coupled quantum-well structures (exciton energy: E1 equals 1.5348 eV, E2 equals 1.5422 eV) are used in the experiments. Manipulation of coherent exciton are demonstrated by observation of both the reflectivity-change in the pump-probe and the diffracted power in the degenerate-four-wave-mixing (DFWM) measurements using phase- locked twin-pulse (k1) and single-pulse (k2). Coherent destruction in single quantum-well is observed by the rapid decrease of reflectivity-change after the arrival of the second pulse (pulse interval: 500 fs) and good coherent control with 87% of coherent carrier destruction is demonstrated at low excitation power of 0.15 mW. In case of coupled quantum-wells, the modulation of SLM is carefully set to the twin-pulse having the spectrum with a minimum at both exciton wavelengths for destructive condition. After arrival of the second pulse, coherent control of the quantum beats are observed in DFWM signal.
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Kazuhiro Komori, Takashi Asahara, Takeyoshi Sugaya, Masanobu Watanabe, Takehiko Hidaka, "Coherent control of excitons in single and coupled quantum wells", Proc. SPIE 3624, Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors III, (24 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349291; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.349291
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