29 April 1999 Active cavity modes for VCSEL simulation
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Abstract
Active cavity modes are presented as a useful mode set for the analysis of the optical problem in oxide-confined VCSELs. We define the active cavity modes via a novel integral eigenvalue equation containing the VCSEL cavity electromagnetic Green's function and the gain distribution. Photon rate equation parameters, such as the net modal gain and the spontaneous emission into a mode, are calculated using this mode set as a basis. An efficient method for calculating the active cavity modes has been developed in order to allow for rapid iterations with the electronic solver in the laser simulator MINILASE. The details of the implementation of this method are presented, as are sample calculated mode parameters.
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Benjamin Daniel Klein, Benjamin Daniel Klein, Leonard F. Register, Leonard F. Register, Karl Hess, Karl Hess, Dennis G. Deppe, Dennis G. Deppe, Qing Deng, Qing Deng, } "Active cavity modes for VCSEL simulation", Proc. SPIE 3627, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers III, (29 April 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.347089; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.347089
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