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9 August 1983 Coordinate Transformation Assembly
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The coordinate transformation assembly (CTA) is a non-contact electro-optical device designed to link the angular coordinates between two remote platforms to a high degree of accuracy. Each assembly, which is compact and without moving parts, consists of two units: the transmitter and the receiver. The transmitter consists of one polarizing beamsplitter and two laser diodes with polarized output. The receiver consists of a polarizing beam-splitter, two lenses, a dual-axis photodetector and a regular photodetector. The angular roll is measured about the line-of-sight between two assemblies using a polarizing sensing method. Accuracy is calculated to be better than 0.01 degrees with a signal-to-noise ratio of 35 db. Pitch and yaw are measured relative to the line-of-sight at each assembly by locating a laser spot in the field-of-view of a dual-axis photodetector located in the focal plane of a small lens. The coordinate transformation parameter most difficult to obtain is the roll coordinate because high resolution involves observing a small variation in the difference of two strong signals. Under such an arrangement, any variation in source strength or detector sensitivity will cause an error. In the scheme devised for the CTA, this source of error has been eliminated through a paring and signal processing arrangement wherein the detector sensitivity and the source intensity are made common to the paired measurements and thus eliminated. The ±0.01 degree accuracy of the angular roll as well as the pitch and yaw measurements over ±2 degrees angular range has been demonstrated. An attractive feature of the CTA is that paired assemblies can be deployed to relay coordinates around corners and over extended distances.
© (1983) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
C-C. Huang and J. Barney "Coordinate Transformation Assembly", Proc. SPIE 0363, Advanced Remote Sensing, (9 August 1983);


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