13 April 1999 Multifaceted free-space image distributor for optical interconnects in massively parrallel processing
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Abstract
A characteristic feature of a conventional von Neumann computer is that computing power is delivered by a single processing unit. Although increasing the clock frequency improves the performance of the computer, the switching speed of the semiconductor devices and the finite speed at which electrical signals propagate along the bus set the boundaries. Architectures containing large numbers of nodes can solve this performance dilemma, with the comment that main obstacles in designing such systems are caused by difficulties to come up with solutions that guarantee efficient communications among the nodes. Exchanging data becomes really a bottleneck should al nodes be connected by a shared resource. Only optics, due to its inherent parallelism, could solve that bottleneck. Here, we explore a multi-faceted free space image distributor to be used in optical interconnects in massively parallel processing. In this paper, physical and optical models of the image distributor are focused on from diffraction theory of light wave to optical simulations. the general features and the performance of the image distributor are also described. The new structure of an image distributor and the simulations for it are discussed. From the digital simulation and experiment, it is found that the multi-faceted free space image distributing technique is quite suitable for free space optical interconnection in massively parallel processing and new structure of the multifaceted free space image distributor would perform better.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Feng Zhao, Feng Zhao, Edward E. E. Frietman, Edward E. E. Frietman, Zhong Han, Zhong Han, Ray T. Chen, Ray T. Chen, } "Multifaceted free-space image distributor for optical interconnects in massively parrallel processing", Proc. SPIE 3632, Optoelectronic Interconnects VI, (13 April 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.344627; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.344627
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