26 March 1999 Alignment of coumarin-containing polymers for liquid crystal displays
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Abstract
In this paper, a range of polymethacrylate derivatives of hydroxycoumarin are investigated as photoinduced alignment layers for liquid crystals, and their performance is compared with polyvinyl cinnamate. For al the coumarin- containing polymers, the liquid crystal alignment direction is parallel to the polarization direction of the incident UV light at low fluences. At a critical fluence threshold, a sharp change to perpendicular alignment is found. Molecular models and spectroscopy are used to explain this phenomenon as well as the fact that only perpendicular alignment is observed for polyvinyl cinnamate. The azimuthal anchoring energies of the alignment layers are measured and values greater than 6 by 10-5 J m-2 are found. The incorporation of a flexible spacer into the coumarin sidechain results in stronger anchoring at low fluences. Exposure of the coumarin-containing alignment layers at oblique incidence gives pretilted alignment with pretilt angles up to 5.1 degrees.
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Peregrine O. Jackson, Peregrine O. Jackson, Ridvan Karapinar, Ridvan Karapinar, Mary O'Neill, Mary O'Neill, Paul Hindmarsh, Paul Hindmarsh, Gareth J. Owen, Gareth J. Owen, Stephen M. Kelly, Stephen M. Kelly, } "Alignment of coumarin-containing polymers for liquid crystal displays", Proc. SPIE 3635, Liquid Crystal Materials, Devices, and Applications VII, (26 March 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.343871; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.343871
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