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12 April 1999 High-resolution direct-view displays based on the biological photochromic material bacteriorhodopsin
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Proceedings Volume 3636, Flat Panel Display Technology and Display Metrology; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.344654
Event: Electronic Imaging '99, 1999, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
A thin layer of the biological photochromic material bacteriorhodopsin (BR) sandwiched between dielectric layers and absorptive filters mounted onto glass substrates forms a direct-view display. Information is written to this BR- display via a scanning laser beam. Back-illumination of the BR-display with a white light source allows to observe the information in high contrast and with a high resolution which is limited only by the parameters of the laser scanner. Since BR thermally decays back into the initial state a periodic refresh is required every 15-30 secs in order to keep 90 percent of the maximal contrast. This low refresh frequency is achieve distance the genetically modified BR variant D96N is employed in the photoactive layer. Photochemical erasure with intense blue light allows to clear the whole display immediately. Weak homogeneous illumination with blue light is used to maximize the contrast by compensating the bleaching effect of the light from the back-illumination. The BR-displays described here have diameters of 2 inches but much larger displays can be manufactured by the same technology.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Norbert A. Hampp, Markus Sanio, and Klaus Anderle "High-resolution direct-view displays based on the biological photochromic material bacteriorhodopsin", Proc. SPIE 3636, Flat Panel Display Technology and Display Metrology, (12 April 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.344654
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