22 March 1999 Image capture simulation using an accurate and realistic lens model
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Abstract
This paper describes a digital image capture simulator that incorporates a lens model based on point-spread function (PSF) data from a commercial lens design package. This lens model has significant advantages over a simple MTF based model, because it accounts for all image degrading aberrations commonly encountered in image capture system. Lens design data in the form of a set of highly resolved PSFs are generated off-line using the lens design package. The data are compared for a range of wavelengths, image plane locations and field positions. To simulate a specific imaging system, these PSFs are re-sampled according to the sensor pixel pitch, system spectral sensitivities, sensor location, etc. The input to the simulator can be either a digital test target or a digital image of a real scene, which is highly over-sampled with respect to the final simulated image and show spatial and spectral characteristics are well known. The simulator output, in the form of the raw data generated by an actual digital capture device, will be highly useful in the parametric study of the design parameters of image capture systems. The performance and limitations of the lens component of the simulator are described.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ralph C. Short, Donald Williams, Andrew E. W. Jones, "Image capture simulation using an accurate and realistic lens model", Proc. SPIE 3650, Sensors, Cameras, and Applications for Digital Photography, (22 March 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.342858; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.342858
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