28 May 1999 UV-enhanced avalanche photodiode array for fluorescence applications
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Abstract
We have developed avalanche photodiode (APD) arrays of the beveled edge type with high responsivity in the ultraviolet (UV) region. A 3 X 3 array with pixel size 3 X 3 mm2 was made, in which the segmentation was done using selective diffusion in the front surface. This technique is an improvement over previous avalanche photodiodes, where the segmentation was done cutting channels in the back of the detector. After the die was cut from the wafer, beveling and passivation was performed to avoid lateral surface breakdown. The responsivity from 200 to 400 nm is close to 1.1 A/W., which makes this detector suitable for florescence applications. The gain and dark current coming from all pixels connected together, is the same as a single element detector with the same area, which indicates that the pixelization process does not reduce the performance compared to a detector without segmentation. We measured high crosstalk between adjacent pixels (30%) which indicates that the resistance between them is too low.
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Ernesto V. Gramsch, Ernesto V. Gramsch, Ricardo E. Avila, Ricardo E. Avila, } "UV-enhanced avalanche photodiode array for fluorescence applications", Proc. SPIE 3659, Medical Imaging 1999: Physics of Medical Imaging, (28 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349544; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.349544
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