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21 May 1999 Wavelet-based multiresolution expectation maximization image reconstruction algorithm for positron emission tomography (PET)
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Abstract
Maximum Likelihood estimation based Expectation Maximization (EM) reconstruction algorithm has shown to provide good quality reconstruction for PET. Our previous work introduced the multigrid and multiresolution concept for PET image reconstruction using EM. This work transforms the MGEM and MREM algorithm to a Wavelet based Multiresolution EM algorithm by extending the concept of switching resolutions in both image and data spaces. The multiresolution data space is generated by performing a 2D-wavelet transform on the acquired tube data that is used to reconstruct images at different spatial resolutions. Wavelet transform is used for multiresolution reconstruction as well as adapted in the criterion for switching resolution levels. The advantage of the wavelet transform is that it provides very good frequency and spatial (time) localization and allows the use of these coarse resolution data spaces in the EM estimation process. The multiresolution algorithm recovers low frequency components of the reconstructed image at coarser resolutions in fewer iterations, reducing the number of iterations required at finer resolution to recover high frequency components. This paper also presents the design of customized biorthogonal wavelet filters using the lifting method, which are used for data decomposition and image reconstruction.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Amar Raheja and Atam P. Dhawan "Wavelet-based multiresolution expectation maximization image reconstruction algorithm for positron emission tomography (PET)", Proc. SPIE 3661, Medical Imaging 1999: Image Processing, (21 May 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.348593
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