9 June 1999 Fundamental understanding of piezoelectric strain sensors
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Abstract
This paper investigates the behavior of piezoelectric elements as strain sensors. Strain is measured in terms of the charge generated by the element as a result of the direct piezoelectric effect. Strains from piezoceramic and piezofilm sensors are compared with strains from a conventional foil strain gage and the advantages of each type of sensor are discussed, along with their limitations. The sensors are surface bonded and are calibrated by means of a dynamic beam bending setup over a frequency range of 5 - 500 Hz. Correction factors to account for transverse strain and shear lag effects due to the bond layer are analytically derived and validated experimentally. Additionally, design of signal conditioning electronics to collect the signals from the piezoelectric sensors is addressed. The superior performance of piezoelectric sensors compared to conventional strain gages in terms of sensitivity and signal to noise ratio is demonstrated.
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Jayant Sirohi, Jayant Sirohi, Inderjit Chopra, Inderjit Chopra, } "Fundamental understanding of piezoelectric strain sensors", Proc. SPIE 3668, Smart Structures and Materials 1999: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (9 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.350731; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.350731
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