31 May 1999 Special sensors for deformation measurements of different construction materials and structures
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Abstract
SOFO is a fiber optic sensor system that allows the monitoring of micrometer deformations over measurement bases up to a few meters. It is particularly adapted to measure civil structures built with conventional civil engineering materials (concrete, steel and timber). It has been successfully tested in different types of structures such as bridges, tunnels and piles. The application of the system is however limited in some case when unusual materials are used in the construction and in other cases by the dimensions of standard SOFO sensors. To extend the domain of application of the current system, special sensors have been developed. In this paper we present four special SOFO sensors: long, membrane, thin and stiff sensors. The long sensor has a measurement basis of several tenths of meters and its purpose is the measurement of deformations in massive and large structures (dames, tunnels). The membrane sensor is for use on laminated materials (e.g. membrane roofing) and it is easy to install by simply gluing it to the structure to be monitored. Since standard sensors can not be used for thin mortar layers because of their cross- section, a thin sensor has been developed, too. Finally, the aim of the stiff sensor is to determine the hardening (solidification) time of concrete. This time is determined by comparing the deformations of a stiff and a standard sensor, closely placed in the concrete at the very early age. The design of these sensors is presented along with significant application examples.
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Branko Glisic, Branko Glisic, Daniele Inaudi, Daniele Inaudi, Pascal Kronenberg, Pascal Kronenberg, Sandra LLoret, Sandra LLoret, Samuel Vurpillot, Samuel Vurpillot, } "Special sensors for deformation measurements of different construction materials and structures", Proc. SPIE 3670, Smart Structures and Materials 1999: Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials, (31 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349769; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.349769
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