14 July 1999 Comparison of measured and modeled BRDF of natural targets
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The Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) plays a major role to evaluate or simulate the signatures of natural and artificial targets in the solar spectrum. A goniometer covering a large spectral and directional domain has been recently developed by the ONERA/DOTA. It was designed to allow both laboratory and outside measurements. The spectral domain ranges from 0.40 to 0.95 micrometer, with a resolution of 3 nm. The geometrical domain ranges 0 - 60 degrees for the zenith angle of the source and the sensor, and 0 - 180 degrees for the relative azimuth between the source and the sensor. The maximum target size for nadir measurements is 22 cm. The spatial target irradiance non-uniformity has been evaluated and then used to correct the raw measurements. BRDF measurements are calibrated thanks to a spectralon reference panel. Some BRDF measurements performed on sand and short grass and are presented here. Eight bidirectional models among the most popular models found in the literature have been tested on these measured data set. A code fitting the model parameters to the measured BRDF data has been developed. The comparative evaluation of the model performances is carried out, versus different criteria (root mean square error, root mean square relative error, correlation diagram . . .). The robustness of the models is evaluated with respect to the number of BRDF measurements, noise and interpolation.
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Yannick Boucher, Yannick Boucher, Helene Cosnefroy, Helene Cosnefroy, Alain Denis Petit, Alain Denis Petit, Gerard Serrot, Gerard Serrot, Xavier Briottet, Xavier Briottet, } "Comparison of measured and modeled BRDF of natural targets", Proc. SPIE 3699, Targets and Backgrounds: Characterization and Representation V, (14 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.352945; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.352945

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