14 July 1999 Theory and measurement of bidirectional reflectance for signature analysis
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Abstract
The application of advanced low observable treatments to ground vehicles has led to a requirement for a better understanding of effects of light scattering from surfaces. Measurements of the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) fully describe the angular scattering properties of materials, and these may be used in signature simulations to quantitatively characterize the optical effects of surface treatments on targets. This paper reviews the theoretical and experimental techniques for characterizing the BRDF of surfaces and examines some of the popular parameterized BRDF representations that are used in signature calculations.
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James C. Jafolla, David J. Thomas, John W. Hilgers, William R. Reynolds, Chris Blasband, "Theory and measurement of bidirectional reflectance for signature analysis", Proc. SPIE 3699, Targets and Backgrounds: Characterization and Representation V, (14 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.352935; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.352935
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