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2 August 1999 Modeling distributions of water and dielectric constants around land mines in homogeneous soils
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Many sensors for landmine detection are affected by soil water content, temperature, electrical conductivity and dielectric constant. The most important of these is water content since it directly influences the three other properties. We model water distribution around antitank mines buried in a loam and loamy sand soil under the climatic conditions of Bosnia and Kuwait. In Kuwait the loam and loamy sand have mean soil water contents of about 16 and 7 volume percent, respectively; in Bosnia, the mane water contents are higher with means of 30 and 14 volume percent in the loam and loamy sand. As a result the soil dielectric constant in Kuwait varied from about 4 to 8 in the loamy sand and from 8 to 14 in the loam. In Bosnia the higher water contents result in a soil dielectric constant from 4 to 12 in the loamy sand and from 9 to 50 in the loam. Water contents below the landmine were sometimes higher than above it. The modeling result demonstrate that a solid water content regimes and the resulting distributions of soil dielectric constants around landmines are strongly affected by the interaction between climate, soil type, and landmine geometry.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jan M. H. Hendrickx, Bhabani S. Das, and Brian Borchers "Modeling distributions of water and dielectric constants around land mines in homogeneous soils", Proc. SPIE 3710, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IV, (2 August 1999);

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