16 July 1999 Comparison of quantitative analysis techniques to discriminate intimately mixed bidirectional laboratory reflectance spectra
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Abstract
In this paper we evaluate the ability of the Matched Subspace Detector (MSD), Matched Filter Detector (MFD) and Orthogonal Subspace Projection (OSP) to discriminate material types in laboratory samples of intimately mixed bidirectional reflectance data. The analysis consists of a series of experiments where bidirectional reflectance spectra of intimate mixtures of enstatite-olivine and anorthite-olivine in various proportions are converted to single scattering albedo (SSA) using Hapke's model for bidirectional reflectance. The linearized SSA spectra are used as inputs to the various detectors and the output for each is evaluated as a function of the proportion of target- to-interference. Results are presented as a series of figures that show overall the MSD has a higher target-to- background separation (i.e., better class separation) than either the MFD or OSP. This target-to-background separation results in fewer false alarms for the MSD than either of the other two detectors.
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Terry L. Nichols, John K. Thomas, Wolfgang Kober, Vincent J. Velten, "Comparison of quantitative analysis techniques to discriminate intimately mixed bidirectional laboratory reflectance spectra", Proc. SPIE 3717, Algorithms for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery V, (16 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.353025; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.353025
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