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24 August 1999 Eigen indexing in satellite recognition
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Abstract
In many image analysis problems it is possible to take advantage of the structural relationships between various parts of the objects being imaged in order to index the images of the objects. For example, many satellites consists of a main body and outlying sub-components. Thus, in many circumstances satellites can be indexed in a model database by the distinct structural relationships between their sub- components. However, algorithms based on structured sub- components necessitate the use of robust and reliable 2-D image segmentation techniques to successfully partition images into their sub-components. Unfortunately, this segmentation task can be highly problematic for objects with complex components and under harsh, unfavorable lighting conditions. The research presented here describes a new method to compute indices which can be used for image indexing without image segmentation. We use satellite imagery as a convenient image class for which to demonstrate our method. Our method partitions the image into many small equal-area pieces. We refer to this technique as differentiation. Differentiated images result in a set of sub-images that collectively represent the structural information inherent in the image. We prove that a primitive matrix with at most four non-zero eigenvalues can be constructed from the differentiated image. This property (1) significantly reduces storage requirements for a model database, (2) reduces the computational burden of subsequent recognition processes, and (3) supports an efficient and accurate matching procedure. To evaluate the efficiency of our algorithm for a recognition application, we use boundary methods as a feature set evaluation method to quantify the utility of the eigen-indexes obtained by our method as compared to other existing indexing methods.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Xun Du, Junshui Ma, Mohamed Qasem, and Stanley C. Ahalt "Eigen indexing in satellite recognition", Proc. SPIE 3718, Automatic Target Recognition IX, (24 August 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.359975
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