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19 July 1999 Advances in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser
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Proceedings Volume 3749, 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.354757
Event: ICO XVIII 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, 1999, San Francisco, CA, United States
Abstract
The vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) [lJ is meeting the 3rd generation of development in 1999 and the deadline of the S. Y. Wang's prophecy is approaching a few years ahead. Actually, it has been being applied into various optical systems such as optical networks, parallel optical interconnects, laser printers, high density optical disks, and so on. We like to review the progress of VCSELs in wide spectral ranges covered by various 111-V compound semiconductors. Some innovating technologies will be discussed.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kenichi Iga and Fumio Koyama "Advances in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser", Proc. SPIE 3749, 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, (19 July 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.354757
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