19 July 1999 Efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes
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Proceedings Volume 3749, 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.355048
Event: ICO XVIII 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, 1999, San Francisco, CA, United States
We have studied the quantum efficiency of multilayer organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). Attention is focused on the recombination efficiency and exciton quenching, controlling the performance of highly efficient OLEDs having Alq(3) (Al(III) 8-hydroxyquinoline) as the emissive layer. The kinetics model is extended to account for the image charge effect on the injection and the narrow bandwidths of carriers. An analytical criterion for maximum recombination efficiency at low voltages is found. The analysis of current voltage dependence and quantum efficiency is performed for Al/LiF/Alq(3)/TPD/ITO devices with or without an ultrathin dielectric layer LiF, taking into account the exciton quenching controlled by the boundary Al-Alq(3). We get a reasonable fit for the experimental data and discuss the optimum modifications required to enhance the device performance.
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Alexander L. Burin, Alexander L. Burin, Mark A. Ratner, Mark A. Ratner, } "Efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes", Proc. SPIE 3749, 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, (19 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.355048; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.355048

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