24 September 1999 Comparison of SCARAB FM1 and SCARAB FM2 calibration performances
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Abstract
ScaRaB is a radiometer built to observe the Earth Radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere. This instrument has been produced by means of a joint program that gathers France, Russia and Germany. SCARAB has been planned to fill the gap between the flights of NASAs instruments ERB and CERS. Thus SCARAB mission is similar to the one fulfilled by ERB and CERES. SCARAB FM1 has been launched in January 1994. At the very beginning of the flight, a critical problem occurred on-board: three calibration lamps over 6 failed and were unusable for the rest of the mission. An alternative way of calibration was found that saved the mission. This method, explained in a previous paper, and its accuracy are briefly recalled in the article. FM2 has been launched in July 1998. The first data show a perfect functioning of the on-board calibration devices. It is an opportunity to test the 3 in-flight calibration methods developed: a method using on-board lamps and black-bodies as previously planned on FM1, another one using the dependence of gains to temperature as used on FM1, and a last one using only black body-simulators. After describing more in detail these different methods, a comparison of their performances is established. These results are compared with FM1 performances. Future prospects of the calibration are given in conclusion.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Thierry Tremas, Thierry Tremas, Magdeleine C. Dinguirard, Magdeleine C. Dinguirard, Jean-Philippe Duvel, Jean-Philippe Duvel, Patrick Raberanto, Patrick Raberanto, Francis E. Sirou, Francis E. Sirou, "Comparison of SCARAB FM1 and SCARAB FM2 calibration performances", Proc. SPIE 3750, Earth Observing Systems IV, (24 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363539; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.363539
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