24 September 1999 Selected CERES electronic component survivability under simulated overvoltage conditions
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Abstract
In August, 1998, a Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument telemetry housekeeping parameter generated a yellow warning message that indicated an on- board +15V Data Acquisition Assembly (DAA) power converter deregulation anomaly. An exhaustive investigation was undertaken to understand this anomaly and the long-term consequnces which have severely reduced CERES operations on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) spacecraft. Among investigations performed were groudn tests that approximated the on-board electronic circuitry using a small quantity of flight identical components exposed to maximum spacecraft bus over-voltage conditions. These components include monolithic integrated microcircuits that perform analog signal conditions on instrument sensor signals and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for the entire DAA. All microcircuit packages have either a bipolar silicon design with internal current limiting protections or have a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) design with bias protections. Ground test that have been running for approximately 8 months have indicated that these components are capable of withstanding as much as twice their input supply voltage ratings without noticeable performance degradation. This data provided CERES operators with assured confidence to be able to continue instrument science operations over the remaining life of the TRMM. This paper will discuss this anomaly and some possible cause, a simulator of affected electronics, test results, prognosis for future CERES operations, and conclusions.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John J. Chapman, Michael S. Grant, James Bockman, Vernon M. Clark, Phillip C. Hess, "Selected CERES electronic component survivability under simulated overvoltage conditions", Proc. SPIE 3750, Earth Observing Systems IV, (24 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363546; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.363546
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KEYWORDS
Voltage controlled current source

Space operations

Modulation transfer functions

Calibration

Electronic components

Manufacturing

Electronic circuits

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