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27 October 1999 ESA Earth Explorer Land Surface Processes and Interactions mission
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Abstract
The European Space Agency (ESA) is defining candidate missions for Earth Observation. In the class of the Earth Explorer missions, dedicated to research and pre-operational demonstration, the Land Surface Processes and Interactions Mission (LSPIM) will acquire the accurate quantitative measurements needed to improve our understanding of the nature and evolution of biosphere-atmosphere interactions and to contribute significantly to a solution of the scaling problems for energy, water and carbon fluxes at the Earth's surface. The mission is intended to provide detailed observations of the surface of the Earth and to collect data related to ecosystem processes and radiation balance. It is also intended to address a range of issues important for environmental monitoring, renewable resources assessment and climate models. The mission involves a dedicated maneuvering satellite which provides multi-directional observations for systematic measurement of Land Surface BRDF (Bi-Directional Reflectance Distribution Function) of selected sites on Earth. The satellite carries an optical payload: PRISM (Processes Research by an Imaging Space Mission), a multispectral imager providing reasonably high spatial resolution images (50 m over 50 km swath) in the whole optical spectral domain (from 450 nm to 2.35 micrometer with a resolution close to 10 nm, and two thermal bands from 8.1 to 9.1 micrometer). This paper presents the results of the Phase A study awarded by ESA, led by ALCATEL Space Industries and concerning the design of LSPIM.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jean-Yves Labandibar, Franck Jubineau, Pierluigi Silvestrin, and Umberto Del Bello "ESA Earth Explorer Land Surface Processes and Interactions mission", Proc. SPIE 3753, Imaging Spectrometry V, (27 October 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.366277
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